Water skiing and towing
Introduction and definition of water skiing
Water skiing involves towing people behind a boat at a speed of more than 8 knots on:
- Bare feet.
- Inflatable toys.
All kinds of boats are used for water skiing, mainly dinghies, ski boats and personal watercraft (jet skis).
All rules and regulations that apply to power boats also apply to boats that are towing skiers. The prevention of collision rules still apply in ski areas, this means a ski boat has no priority over a boat that is passing through the area.
Please refer to signs before skiing as they will tell you important information such as times when skiing is permitted and if/where the take-off and landing areas are located.
Water ski areas and permitted times
Gazetted areas and permitted skiing times
You can only ski in a gazetted ski area and only between times allowed for that area. Ski areas are marked by signs on the foreshore and at each public boat ramp adjacent to the ski area.
As of 1 October 2013 new speed restrictions and other changes have been introduced at increasingly busy parts of the Swan Canning Riverpark to improve safety for all water users.
Skiing restrictions exist in the Canning River. The restrictions have been developed to minimise any inconvenience between skiers, rowers and crabbers.
Ski boundaries and direction of skiing
Ski area boundaries may be marked in the water by buoys but the signs will show you the extent of the area you must remain within. The signs also provide information on the direction (clockwise or anti-clockwise) you must follow.
Before planning a trip to inland lakes and dams, make sure the skipper checks with the local authority that the dam/lake has not been closed for skiing due to depth or condition.
Inland water ski dams and lakes status - February 2017
|Location||Current status regarding water skiing|
|Glen Mervyn Dam||Closed|
|Logue Brook Dam||Open|
Please download the following maps.
Know your responsibilities
The owner/driver (skipper) of the boat is responsible for the safety of others and has a general safety obligation to:
- Make sure the boat is safe and is capable of towing skiers.
- Take all the right safety equipment for the skiers and passengers.
- Operate the boat as safely as possible and check the area is safe for skiing by noting the depth of water, width to make turns safely and any hazards.
- Review the water skiing hand signals and plan where you will go once the skier is behind the boat.
- Discuss how you intend to pick up a downed skier and give instruction on how to re-board properly.
- Don't ever leave the motor running while a skier is attempting to re-board and never use the engine or propeller as a step.
Rules for boat crew
To go skiing there must be a minimum crew of two in the ski boat:
- The skipper: the skipper faces forward to maintain a proper lookout and concentrate on the boat's course within the ski area.
- At least one observer: the observer faces towards the skier at all times and communicates to the skipper.
To be the driver of a boat engaged in water skiing you:
- Must hold an Recreational Skippers Ticket (RST), or be supervised by an RST holder.
- Must be at least 17 years of age.
To find out more about the responsibility of the skipper refer to You're the skipper.
To be an observer you:
- Must be at least 14 years of age.
- Have the prime responsibility of observing the towed people and reporting matters affecting them to the skipper.
- Alert the skipper about other vessels approaching from behind.
- Should be familiar with the standard hand signals.
Rules for skiers
The skier can be of any age however it is recommended that they wear an approved Type 2 or 3 (50s or higher) lifejacket while skiing.
Required distances and right of way
Distance behind a skier
You must not drive any closer than 45 metres directly behind a skier or any other boat.
Distance from shore
Stay at least 45 metres (or as gazetted) from the shore except when landing or taking off in a gazetted take-off and landing area.
Right of way when landing a water skier
The skipper of a boat about to take-off a skier shall give way to a ski boat coming in to land a water skier.
Towing trick skiers
The skipper must drive a speed boat towing a skier/s engaged in the exercise of trick skiing so as not to approach within 90 metres of any landing or take-off areas.
Towing skiers near landing or take-off areas
You must not drive a power boat towing water skiers within 30 metres of the shore or any landing or take-off area, except for when you are landing or taking off water skiers.
Ski lines and ropes
The skipper shall not permit a ski rope to trail within 30 metres of the shore of any area set aside for water skiing, unless the rope handles are held by a skier.
Ski line to be retrieved
After landing a water skier, the skipper shall continue to a distance of not less than 60 metres from the point of dropping the skier, where he shall stop and have the ski line retrieved. If coming to shore, he shall then drive the boat at a speed not exceeding 8 knots and in a manner so as not to interfere with or obstruct any other boats towing a water skier.
- Skipper of a power boat shall not to approach shore where skier has landed.
- The skipper of a speed boat landing a water skier shall not approach within 25 metres of the shore where the skier is to landed.
- Sitting on gunwale or back of driver's seat is prohibited.
- The skipper shall not sit on the gunwale or on the back of the driving seat while driving a speed boat.
- Water skis are to be retrieved immediately.
- The water skier shall, immediately upon losing or intentionally discarding a ski, ensure the ski is retrieved.
Waiting to take off with a skier-driver signal
When waiting for a safe opportunity to take off with a skier, the skipper should signal to vessels dropping off a skier that you do not intend to move until it is clear. This is indicated by holding both arms in the air showing that they are not on the boat controls.
Skier down-observers signal
The observer only should hold one arm straight up in the air to indicate to other vessels that the skier has fallen off and is in the water. Vessels seeing this signal should keep a good lookout for the skier in the water.
Skier down-skier is OK signal
A fallen skier that has sustained no injuries should indicate that they are OK by raising both arms into the air. If the observer does not see this signal, they should inform the skipper to return to the skier as quickly and as safely as possible.
Dropping off skier-driver signal
When returning to the shore, the driver should indicate this by the raising and lowering of a hand above the head.
Restricted areas of navigable waters
The document below contains the details of all restricted areas in navigational waters across Western Australia. These include, but are not limited to:
- Areas where maximum speed limits are imposed.
- Areas where swimming is prohibited.
- Areas for water skiing.
- Areas closed to motorised vessels.
The document is organised by Local Government Areas.
|Restricted areas of navigable waters||Kb|
Safety tips and navigation aids
- The tip of the ski must always be showing before the boat starts.
- After a fall, a skier should always clasp hands over head if unhurt until seen by the observer and boat driver.
- A fallen skier getting into a boat should leave their skis in the water and swim towards the boat.
- The driver should always stop the engine(s) before picking up skiers in the water.
- Skiers should enter a boat over the stern whenever possible.
Find out about navigation aids, including upgrades to Navigational aids on the Swan River. Go to Navigation aids.
Reporting marine incidents
Many minor and more serious accidents occur that involve water skiers and people being towed behind boats on a variety of devices.
It is essential marine incidents are reported so that problem safety areas can be identified.
It is the owners or skipper's responsibility to report these accidents within seven days.
For more information refer to Warnings, emergencies and incidents.