Bicycle rules, standards and safety
ABC Bike Check
Before you head out for a ride, itís a good idea to do a quick maintenance check to ensure your bike is in safe working order, especially if it hasnít been ridden for a while.
This is as simple as ABC Ė Air, Brakes, Chain.
Watch the short video to see how quick and easy it is to do an ABC Bike Check on your bike today.
If you detect any issues, or are unsure of anything, it is recommended that you visit your local bike shop for advice.
Cycling rules: rules affecting cyclists and motorists in WA
All-age cycling on footpaths is legal in Western Australia. Anyone can cycle on a footpath, but there are some conditions. See the Road Safety Commission website for more details.
Before starting to ride, bicycle riders should be familiar with bicycle standards and equipment, legislation for use of shared paths, roads, intersections and footpaths.
A full list of the legislations can be found in the Road Traffic (Authorisation to Drive) Act 2008 and Road Traffic (Authorisation to Drive) Regulations 2014.
Bicycle standards and requirements overview
A bicycle is a legal vehicle, with two or more wheels, that is built to be propelled by human power through a belt, chain or gears. Electric bicycles, penny farthings and tricycles are considered bicycles.
An electric bike, or e-bike are they are commonly known, is a bicycle fitted with an auxiliary motor(s) to provide assistance to the rider in propelling the vehicle.
There are two main types of e-bikes:
- Power Assisted Pedal Cycles (PAPCs), which may have a motor up to 200 watts; and,
- Pedelecs (complying with European Standard EN 15194), which may have a motor up to 250 watts.
The power assistance for both PAPCs and pedelecs must cut out at 25 km/h and the width of the bikes, or their loads, cannot exceed 660 mm.
Vehicles not considered bicycles are wheelchairs, wheeled recreational devices like Segways, wheeled toys like scooters, skateboards or skates, or any vehicle with an auxiliary motor capable of generating a power output over 250 watts (whether or not the motor is operating).
There are standard requirements that need to be met before a bicycle can be considered legal for use on public roads and shared paths.
For the rules and regulations related to bicycles including e-bikes, visit the Road Safety Commission cycling web pages.
|Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII): Road Traffic Code 2000 - Reg 228|
|Road Safety Commission: Cycling|
Electric scooter rules and regulations
Unlike electric bikes (e-bikes), many electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric skateboards (e-skateboards) available for purchase are illegal to use on public roads and paths in WA. Given the speed at which they can travel and the power of their motors, they can only be used on private property, with riders strongly urged to wear a helmet.
E-scooters which are compliant with current WA road traffic regulations can be legally ridden on paths and low speed public roads. Compliant e-scooters have a maximum power output of no more than 200 watts and they cannot travel more than 10 km/h on level ground.
Riders of e-scooters that are compliant with the relevant power output and speed regulations must also adhere to the following rules under the Road Traffic Code 2000:
- Riders must wear a helmet;
- Riders are permitted on footpaths and shared paths, so long as the rider keeps left and gives way to pedestrians;
- Riders cannot ride on roads with a speed limit exceeding 50 km/h;
- Riders cannot ride on roads with a dividing line or median strip;
- Riders cannot ride on one-way roads with more than one marked lane; and
- Riders cannot ride during the hours of darkness.
Mobility devices, including e-scooters and e-skateboards, continue to grow in popularity as people look for more innovative, efficient and sustainable ways to stay connected in cities and communities around the world.
In line with this community demand, as well as the potential of these devices to reduce car dependence and improve access to public transport, the National Transport Commission has been working with the States and Territories, to develop a regulatory framework which will allow for the safe and legal use of personal mobility devices in Australia.
In November 2020, the National Transport Commissionís recommendations regarding national regulations for these devices were agreed to by the majority of States and Territories, including WA. DoT will continue working with stakeholders, including the Road Safety Commission, to determine how best to modify State legislation to accommodate these recommendations.