License an off-road vehicle

Find out how to license an off-road vehicle in Western Australia, including farm vehicles.

  Licensing or registering an off-road vehicle

Off road vehicles may be licensed or registered depending on the use of the vehicle. The following summarises the difference between the two methods:

Licensed

The off-road vehicle must be licensed if there is a legitimate need to access one or more public roads (even if it is only for the purpose of crossing). Please refer to licensing off road or farming vehicles below for more information.

Registered

The off road vehicle is registered and off road plates issued when the vehicle will not be used on a road.

Motor Injury Insurance (MII) does not apply to these vehicles. Please refer to registering an off-road vehicle below for more information.

The Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 (WA) defines an off-road vehicle as any vehicle which is not licensed, deemed to be licensed or the subject of a permit granted under the Road Traffic (Vehicles) Act 2012 (WA).

This includes any vehicle that is not primarily designed for on-road use, such as:

  • All-terrain vehicles.
  • Forklifts and mobile plant.
  • Golf carts.
  • Non-compliant tractors.
  • Non-compliant utility vehicles.
  • Quad bikes.

Licensing and registering off-road vehicles

  • A licence is required to access public roads (where a legitimate need to do so exists).
  • Registration is required to use lands and areas as defined in the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 (WA).
  • No licence or registration is required for use of on private lands with the consent of the owner.

Note:

Road licensed vehicles do not require a separate off-road vehicle registration.

The Department of Transport introduced a mandatory requirement for riders of conditionally licensed quad bikes used on Western Australian public roads to wear approved motorcycle helmets.

A new condition code 400 'Rider must wear an approved motorcycle helmet when operating vehicle on a road' is added to quad bike licences from this date.

  Licensing off-road or farming vehicles

Off-road vehicles are prohibited from crossing or travelling along public roads without a licence issued by the Department of Transport.

If there is a genuine reason for your off-road vehicle to access public roads, please submit an application to the Department's Driver and Vehicle Services, Vehicle Safety and Standards branch.

A conditional (restricted use) vehicle licence will only be issued to an off-road vehicle if all the following criteria are met:

  • There is a legitimate need to access one or more public roads (even if it is only for the purpose of crossing).
  • Access can be performed safely.

Please provide as much information in your application as possible, to allow us to assess your need.

Note:

Heavy farm vehicles (over 4,500 kg) that are only used for seasonal work, such as seeding or harvesting, can apply for a seasonal vehicle licence.

For more information, please download information bulletin IB-122E below.

Quad bikes and utility vehicles on farms

For information on the use of quad bikes on farms, please download the fact sheet below.

LBU_VS_IB_122.pdf icon IB-122G: Licensing of vehicles not designed for on-road use (Information Bulletin) Kb
LBU_DL_FS_LicensingQuads_FarmUseOnly.pdf icon Licensing quad bikes: Farm use only (Fact sheet) Kb
LBU_DL_FS_QuadBikeHelmetRequire.pdf icon Licensed quad bikes: Helmet requirements (Fact sheet) Kb
Street address Postal address Telephone Fax Email
  Vehicle Safety and Standards,
Department of Transport,
34 Gillam Drive,
Kelmscott WA 6111
  (08) 9216 3899 Email

  Step 1: Get a roadworthiness inspection

Off-road vehicles will need to pass a roadworthiness inspection before a conditional (restricted use) vehicle licence can be issued.

Please go to Get my vehicle inspected for more information on new vehicle inspections.

  Step 2: Complete an application (Form VL17)

Once the vehicle has successfully passed the examination, you can complete an application to license a vehicle using form VL17 below.

Farm vehicles

For off-road vehicles used only on a farm, please use the VL39 application form instead of the VL17 form.

Vehicle licence duty

Vehicle licence duty is payable on the dutiable value of the vehicle, including the value of any trade-in, unless evidence is produced that the vehicle was previously licensed in your name. More information is available in Form VL17.

To find out how much duty is payable, please use our vehicle licence duty calculator. Where vehicle licence duty is applicable, it is payable at the time of licensing.

Some persons and vehicles types may be eligible for an exemption on the payment of duty.

Please refer to the Concessions page for more information.

LBU_F_VL_17_LicenceVehicle.pdf icon Application to license a vehicle (Form VL17) Kb
LBU_F_VL_39_LicenceFarmVehicle.pdf icon Application for farm vehicle concession (Form VL39) Kb

  Step 3: Provide proof of identity

Only one person can be nominated as vehicle licence holder.

Form VL186 (below) is to be used where the vehicle is jointly owned to nominate licence holder. This form must accompany the new vehicle licence application form in order to verify the applicant's particulars.

For more information on proof of identity requirements, please also download the information sheet.

LBU_F_VL_186_ProofIdentity.pdf icon Proof of identity: Nominated owner - vehicle licence holder (Form VL186) Kb

  Step 4: Submit the application in person (Form VL17)

Applications for a new vehicle licence must be submitted in person at a Driver and Vehicle Services centre or regional agent.

You will need to provide:

  • Completed vehicle licence application forms VL17 or VL39.
  • Proof of vehicle ownership.

You may also need to present a weighbridge certificate if the tare/mass weight of the vehicle cannot be established from the manufacturer's specifications, previous licence documents or licensing records.

Once the vehicle is licensed a new set of number plates will be issued.

LBU_F_VL_17_LicenceVehicle.pdf icon Application to license a vehicle (Form VL17) Kb
LBU_F_VL_39_LicenceFarmVehicle.pdf icon Application for farm vehicle concession (Form VL39) Kb
Opens in a new window Department of Industry, Innovation and Science: Public weighbridge list

  Registering an off-road vehicle

Off-road vehicles using lands and areas controlled by the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 (WA) must be registered with the Department of Transport.

A registered off road vehicle may only be used:

  • On private land with the consent of the owner, or
  • In the areas covered by the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978.

Areas of operation

Areas of operation as per the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 may be obtained by contacting the Department of Local Government and Communities on (08) 6551 8700 or by contacting the relevant Shire.

Licensed road vehicles do not require a separate off-road vehicle registration.

Motor Injury Insurance

Motor Injury Insurance (MII) does not apply to vehicles registered for off-road use only.

However, registered off-road vehicles must be roadworthy, even though they will never be used on a road.

How to register an off-road vehicle

You must be aged at least 18 years old to register an off-road vehicle.

Applications for an off-road vehicle registration must be submitted in person at a Driver and Vehicle Services centre or regional agent.

You will need to provide:

  • Completed off-road vehicle registration form VL141, which must include:
    • Make of the vehicle.
    • Year of manufacture.
    • Engine number.
    • Primary and secondary colour of the vehicle.
  • Proof of identity (see below for acceptable forms of identification).
  • Payment of required fees and charges.

The off-road vehicle registration form VL141 is available for download below. For more information on proof of identity requirements, please also download the Proof of identity: other Driver and Vehicle Services transactions fact sheet.

Off-Road vehicle fees

The registration for all vehicles registered under the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 expires on 30 September each year. However, renewals are required to be paid by 1 July each year.
Fee type Fee
Off-road vehicle: New registration fee $25.00
Off-road vehicle: Number plate fee $15.00
Off-road vehicle: Renewal fee $25.00
Off-road vehicle: Transfer fee $5.00
LBU_F_VL_MR141_regoffroadveh.pdf icon Off-road vehicle registration (Form VL141) Kb

  Renewal of off-road vehicle licences and registrations

All registrations for off-road vehicles expire on 30 September annually and must be renewed either in person (at a Driver and Vehicle Services Centre or regional agent) or by post. Payment cannot be made online or accepted at Australia Post.

If the registration is expired by more than 15 days, you will need to return the number plates and apply for a new off-road vehicle licence.

If not renewing the registration, the number plates must be returned within 15 days.

For information about renewal of an off-road vehicle licence please refer to renew/replace my vehicle licence.

  Transfer of ownership of off-road vehicles

To transfer the ownership of your registered off-road vehicle, you are required to complete (Form VL142) and mail it to the Department of Transport within 14 days. The address is provided on the form. We recommend you keep a copy of the form for your records.

A registered off road vehicle may only be used:

  • On private land with the consent of the owner, or
  • In the areas covered by the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978.

Areas of operation

Areas of operation as per the Control of Vehicles (Off-road Areas) Act 1978 may be obtained by contacting the Department of Local Government and Communities on (08) 6551 8700 or by contacting the relevant Shire.

Licensed road vehicles do not require a separate off-road vehicle registration.

LBU_F_VL_VL142_TransferOffRoadVehicle.pdf icon Transfer of off-road vehicle licence (registration) (Form VL142) Kb

  Driver and Vehicle enquiries (online)

This form is designed for Driver and Vehicle (licensing) enquiries only.

Please note we will not respond to any feedback which contains sexist, racist or any other anti-social or inappropriate comments.

 

Page last updated: Tue Feb 12 2019 2:57:59 PM