Vehicle classes

Find out about the different vehicle classes and their eligibility requirements. Suspended or expired licence periods are not included when calculating your driving/riding experience.

  About the vehicle classes

The sections below show the different vehicles classes that you can be licensed to drive or ride.

Each section has information the types of vehicles in that class, and eligibility and experience requirements for a licence.

Note: Any time your licence is suspended or expired cannot be included when calculating the eligibility and experience periods.

  Moped (R-N class) (R class with an N condition)

A moped is a motorcycle that;

  • Is designed to so as not to be capable of a speed exceeding 50 km/h; and
  • Either-
    • Has an engine capacity not exceeding 50cc; or
    • Is not powered by a piston engine.
  • Whether or not it is also capable of being propelled by pedalling, but does not include a power assisted pedal cycle.

R-N class vehicle

To hold this class To take driving/riding lessons Licence authorisation
Minimum age 16 years Minimum age 15 years 6 months If you are authorised to drive an R-N class vehicle you may ride any moped

  Motorcycle and trike motorcycle (R-E class) LAMS approved

A Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMS) approved motorcycle with an engine capacity not exceeding 660 cc and with a power to weight ratio not exceeding 150 kW/t (with foot or hand operated clutch).

RE LAMS class vehicle

LBU_DL_B_Get_Motorcycle_Licence.pdf icon Getting your motorcycle licence (Fact sheet) Kb
LBU_DL_B_LAMS_Approved_MC.pdf icon Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMS): R-E approved motorcycles list Kb
LBU_DL_B_LAMS_Fact_Sheet.pdf icon Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMS) (Frequently Asked Questions) Kb

Trike Motorcycle (R-E class) LAMS approved

Trikes are defined as 'a motor vehicle with 3 wheels, but do not include a 2 wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel'.

A person who completes a practical riding assessment on a trike does not demonstrate sufficient balance skills for the Director General to be satisfied that they can safely ride two wheeled motorcycles.

Accordingly, the R-E or R class granted to these applicants will be restricted with condition code 31 (restricted to ride motor trikes only).

These applicants are subject to the same eligibility criteria as other motorcycle applicants (e.g. they must hold an R-E class for 12 months before applying for an R class etc).

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
No experience required (minimum age 17 years). As soon as you turn 16 years of age. If you are authorised to drive R-E class vehicles you may ride any:
  • Motorcycle (with or without a side car) that is listed as a LAMS approved motorcycle.
  • LAMS approved motor carrier.
  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding motorcycle class.

  Motorcycle (R class) licence

A motorcycle with an engine capacity exceeding 660 cc or a power to weight ratio exceeding 150 kW/t.

R class vehicle

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held a Motorcycle (R-E class) licence for at least one (1) year. On attaining your restricted motorcycle (R-E class) licence. If you are authorised to drive R class vehicles you may ride any:
  • Motorcycle with, or without, side car attachment.
  • Any motor carrier.
  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding motorcycle class.

  Car (C class) licence

A motor vehicle with a gross vehicle mass (GVM) not greater than 4,500 kg and constructed or equipped to seat no more than 12 adults (including the driver).

C class vehicleC class vehicle with trailerC class vehicle van

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
No experience required (minimum age 17 years). No experience required. You can get a learner's permit at 16 years of age. If you are authorised to drive Car (C class) (Unrestricted) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) of 4,500 kg or less.
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, equipped to seat not more than 12 adults (including the driver).
  • Moped (R-N class).

  Light Rigid (LR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle with a gross vehicle mass over 4,500 kg to a maximum of 8,000 kg (no axle limit) or which carries more than 12 passengers (including the driver) to a maximum of 8,000 kg.

LR class vehicle busLR class vehicle truckLR class vehicle tractor

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held: a Car (C class) licence for at least one (1) year. On attaining your Car (C class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Light Rigid (LR class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, with a GVM exceeding 4,500 kg but not exceeding 8,000 kg.
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, not exceeding 4,500 kg that is equipped to seat more than 12 adult (including the driver).
  • Car (C class) motor vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class).

  Medium Rigid (MR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle that has 2 axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than 8,000 kg.

MR class vehicle busMR class vehicle truckMR class vehicle tractor

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held a Car (C class) licence for at least one (1) year. On attaining your Car (C class) licence or Light Rigid (LR class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has 2 axles and a GVM exceeding 8,000 kg.
    Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class).
  • A Medium Rigid (MR class) motor vehicle may be used to tow one trailer (not a semi-trailer) that has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg, and no other trailer.

  Heavy Rigid (HR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle that has 3 or more axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than 8,000 kg.

HR vehicle class bus rearHR class vehicle bus front

HR class vehicle truck

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
  • Car (C class) licence for at least two (2) years; or
  • Light Rigid (LR class) licence for at least one (1) year; or
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) licence for at least one (1) year.
  • 12 months after attaining your car licence (C class); or
  • On attaining your LR (Light Rigid class) licence or C (Car class) licence; or
  • On attaining your LR (Light Rigid class) or MR (Medium Rigid class) licence.
If you are authorised to drive HR class vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has at least 3 axles and a GVM exceeding 8,000 kg.
  • MR (Medium Rigid class) vehicle.
  • LR (Light Rigid class) vehicle.
  • C (Car class) vehicle.
  • Moped.
  • A HR class motor vehicle may be used to tow one trailer (not a semi-trailer) that has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg, and no other trailer.

  Heavy Combination (HC class) heavy vehicle

A prime mover to which is attached a single semi-trailer plus any unladen converter dolly, or rigid motor vehicle attached to a trailer that has a gross vehicle mass greater than 9,000 kg plus any unladen converter dolly.

HC class vehicle truck

HC class vehicle truck trailer

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held: When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
  • Car (C class) licence for at least three years (3), and
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) licence or Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence for at least one (1) year.
  • On attaining your Medium Rigid (MR class) licence, or
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence.
If you are authorised to drive Heavy Combination (HC class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that is attached to a semi-trailer or trailer that has a GVM exceeding 9,000 kg:
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) vehicle.
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicle.
  • Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class) vehicle.

A HC class motor vehicle may be used to tow one, but no more than one, trailer in addition to the trailer or semi-trailer if the additional trailer has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg or is an unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly.

  Multi Combination (MC class) heavy vehicle

Any heavy combination unit towing one or more trailers, each having a gross vehicle mass greater than 9,000 kg. Multi Combination vehicle driver assessments are conducted by private training organisations.

MC class vehicle truck trailer

MC class vehicle truck

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held: When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
  • C (Car class) licence for at least three years (3) and
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence or Heavy Combination (HC class) licence for at least one (1) year.
On attaining your Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence or Heavy Combination (HC class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Multi Combination (MC class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Heavy Combination unit towing one or more additional trailers with a GVM exceeding 9,000 kg.
  • Heavy Combination (HC class) vehicle.
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) vehicle.
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicle.
  • Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class) vehicle.
LBU_DL_FS_LR_AssessmentVehiclesRequirements.pdf icon Vehicle requirements for practical assessments (Fact sheet) Kb

  Special tractor vehicle classes

These vehicle classes are now included within the National Driver Licensing Scheme classifications.

If you are authorised to drive C class vehicles with your driver's licence and you need to drive tractors that fall within the LR, MR, or HR vehicle class, you can apply to us for authorisation to allow you to do this.

  Special wheelchair licence

The authorisation you require on your driver's licence to operate special wheelchairs class will be either a C or R class, depending on whether the wheelchair is licensed as a car or a motorcycle.

If you are already authorised to drive C or ride R class vehicles with your driver's licence, you will not require any further authorisation to operate special wheelchairs.

 

Page last updated: Wed Oct 4 2017 1:47:03 PM