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Vehicle classes

Find out about the different vehicle classes and their eligibility requirements. Suspended or expired licence periods are not included when calculating your driving/riding experience.

  About the vehicle classes

The sections below show the different vehicles classes that you can be licensed to drive or ride.

Each section has information the types of vehicles in that class, and eligibility and experience requirements for a licence.

Note: Any time your licence is suspended or expired cannot be included when calculating the eligibility and experience periods.

  Moped (R-N class) (R class with an N condition)

A moped is a motorcycle that;

  • Is designed so as not to be capable of a speed exceeding 50 km/h; and
  • Either:
    • has an engine capacity not exceeding 50 cc; or
    • is not powered by a piston engine.
  • Whether or not it is also capable of being propelled by pedalling, but does not include a power assisted pedal cycle.

R-N class vehicle

To hold this class To take driving/riding lessons Licence authorisation
Minimum age 16 years Minimum age 15 years 6 months If you are authorised to drive an R-N class vehicle you may ride any moped

Note: If you are authorised to drive Car (C class) (Unrestricted) vehicles you may drive any: Moped (R-N class).

  Motorcycle and trike motorcycle (R-E class) LAMS approved

A Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMS) approved motorcycle:

  • has a power-to-weight ratio up to 150 kilowatts per tonne (kW/t); and a maximum engine capacity up to 660cc or is powered by an electric powered engine with a power output up to 25kW
  • does not include a moped

RE LAMS class vehicle

LBU_DL_B_Get_Motorcycle_Licence.pdf icon Getting your motorcycle licence (Fact sheet) Kb
LBU_DL_B_LAMS_Approved_MC.pdf icon Learner Approved Motorcycle Scheme (LAMS): R-E approved motorcycles list Kb

Trike Motorcycle (R-E class) LAMS approved

Trikes are defined as 'a motor vehicle with three wheels, but do not include a two wheeled motor vehicle with a sidecar attached to it that is supported by a third wheel'.

A person who completes a Practical Driving Assessment on a trike does not demonstrate sufficient balance skills for the Director General to be satisfied that they can safely ride two wheeled motorcycles.

Accordingly, the R-E or R class granted to these applicants will be restricted with condition code 31 (restricted to ride motor trikes only).

These applicants are subject to the same eligibility criteria as other motorcycle applicants (e.g. they must hold an R-E class for at least two years before applying for an R class).

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
No experience required (minimum age 17 years). As soon as you turn 16 years of age. If you are authorised to drive R-E class vehicles you may ride any:
  • Motorcycle (with or without a side car) that is listed as a LAMS approved motorcycle.
  • LAMS approved motor carrier.
  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding motorcycle class.

  Motorcycle (R class) licence

A motorcycle with an engine capacity exceeding 660 cc or a power to weight ratio exceeding 150 kW/t.

R class vehicle

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held a Motorcycle (R-E class) licence for at least two (2) years. On attaining your restricted motorcycle (R-E class) licence. If you are authorised to drive R class vehicles you may ride any:
  • Motorcycle with, or without, side car attachment.
  • Any motor carrier.
  • A motor vehicle authorised to be driven by a licence of the preceding motorcycle class.

Note: Holders of an R-E class licence that was issued prior to 5 November 2018, may elect to sit a PDA to upgrade to an R class licence after having held the R-E licence for a minimum period of 12 months.  

  Car (C class) licence

A motor vehicle with a gross vehicle mass (GVM) not greater than 4,500 kg and constructed or equipped to seat no more than 12 adults (including the driver).

C class vehicleC class vehicle with trailerC class vehicle van

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
No experience required (minimum age 17 years). No experience required. You can get a learner's permit at 16 years of age. If you are authorised to drive Car (C class) (Unrestricted) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) of 4,500 kg or less.
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, equipped to seat not more than 12 adults (including the driver).
  • Moped (R-N class).

  Light Rigid (LR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle with a gross vehicle mass over 4,500 kg to a maximum of 8,000 kg (no axle limit) or which carries more than 12 passengers (including the driver) to a maximum of 8,000 kg.

LR class vehicle busLR class vehicle truckLR class vehicle tractor

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held: a Car (C class) licence for at least one (1) year. On attaining your Car (C class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Light Rigid (LR class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, with a GVM exceeding 4,500 kg but not exceeding 8,000 kg.
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, not exceeding 4,500 kg that is equipped to seat more than 12 adult (including the driver).
  • Car (C class) motor vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class).

  Medium Rigid (MR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle that has 2 axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than 8,000 kg.

MR class vehicle busMR class vehicle truckMR class vehicle tractor

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
Must have held a Car (C class) licence for at least one (1) year. On attaining your Car (C class) licence or Light Rigid (LR class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has 2 axles and a GVM exceeding 8,000 kg.
    Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class).
  • A Medium Rigid (MR class) motor vehicle may be used to tow one trailer (not a semi-trailer) that has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg, and no other trailer.

  Heavy Rigid (HR class) heavy vehicle

A motor vehicle that has 3 or more axles and a gross vehicle mass greater than 8,000 kg.

HR vehicle class bus rearHR class vehicle bus front

HR class vehicle truck

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation

 

  • Car (C class) licence for at least two (2) years that is no longer provisional; or
  • Light Rigid (LR class) licence for at least one (1) year; or
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) licence for at least one (1) year.

 

  • 12 months after attaining your car licence (C class); or
  • On attaining your LR (Light Rigid class) licence; or
  • On attaining your LR (Light Rigid class) or MR (Medium Rigid class) licence.

 

If you are authorised to drive HR class vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that has at least 3 axles and a GVM exceeding 8,000 kg.
  • MR (Medium Rigid class) vehicle.
  • LR (Light Rigid class) vehicle.
  • C (Car class) vehicle.
  • Moped.
  • A HR class motor vehicle may be used to tow one trailer (not a semi-trailer) that has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg, and no other trailer.

  Heavy Combination (HC class) heavy vehicle

A prime mover to which is attached a single semi-trailer plus any unladen converter dolly, or rigid motor vehicle attached to a trailer that has a gross vehicle mass greater than 9,000 kg plus any unladen converter dolly.

HC class vehicle truck

HC class vehicle truck trailer

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held:  When you can start learning to drive:  Licence authorisation:
  • Car (C class) licence for at least three years (3) that is no longer provisional, and
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) licence or Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence for at least one (1) year.
  • On attaining your Medium Rigid (MR class) licence, or
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence.
If you are authorised to drive Heavy Combination (HC class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor carrier, that is attached to a semi-trailer or trailer that has a GVM exceeding 9,000 kg.
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) vehicle.
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicle.
  • Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class) vehicle.

A HC class motor vehicle may be used to tow one, but no more than one, trailer in addition to the trailer or semi-trailer if the additional trailer has a GVM not exceeding 9,000 kg or is an unladen converter dolly or low loader dolly.

  Multi Combination (MC class) heavy vehicle

Any heavy combination unit towing one or more trailers, each having a gross vehicle mass greater than 9,000 kg. Multi Combination vehicle driver assessments are conducted by private training organisations.

MC class vehicle truck trailer

MC class vehicle truck

Experience required to upgrade your licence or remove a restriction, must have held: When you can start learning to drive Licence authorisation
  • C (Car class) licence for at least three years (3) that is no longer provisional and
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence or Heavy Combination (HC class) licence for at least one (1) year.
On attaining your Heavy Rigid (HR class) licence or Heavy Combination (HC class) licence. If you are authorised to drive Multi Combination (MC class) vehicles you may drive any:
  • Heavy Combination unit towing one or more additional trailers with a GVM exceeding 9,000 kg.
  • Heavy Combination (HC class) vehicle.
  • Heavy Rigid (HR class) vehicle.
  • Medium Rigid (MR class) vehicle.
  • Light Rigid (LR class) vehicle.
  • Car (C class) vehicle.
  • Moped (R-N class) vehicle.

  Special tractor vehicle classes

These vehicle classes are now included within the National Driver Licensing Scheme classifications.

If you are authorised to drive C class vehicles with your driver's licence and you need to drive tractors that fall within the LR, MR, or HR vehicle class, you can apply to us for authorisation to allow you to do drive these types of tractors.

  Special wheelchair licence

The authorisation you require on your driver's licence to operate special wheelchairs class will be either a C or R class, depending on whether the wheelchair is licensed as a car or a motorcycle.

If you are already authorised to drive C or ride R class vehicles with your driver's licence, you will not require any further authorisation to operate special wheelchairs.

  Agricultural vehicle driver's licence

You do not need a driverís licence to drive a tractor or agricultural vehicle on private property. You will need the appropriate driverís licence if you need to drive the vehicle on a public road. You may also need a permit from Main Roads if the vehicle is oversize or over-mass.

If the vehicle you want to drive on a public road has a gross vehicle mass (GVM) equal to or less than 4,500 kg, you must hold an appropriate C (car) class driverís licence.

If the vehicle you want to drive has a GVM over 4,500 kg, you must hold an appropriate heavy vehicle driverís licence.

Some towed agricultural implements do not need to be licensed, as they fall within the definition of a trailer. Drivers of vehicles (including tractors) towing these implements anywhere other than on private property, must hold the appropriate licence class.

  Heavy vehicle pilot licence

To drive an escort vehicle on a public road, you will need a heavy vehicle pilot licence as well as holding the relevant WA driver's licence for the class of vehicle being driven. A heavy vehicle pilot licence is issued by Main Roads Western Australia and detailed information on how to apply is available on their website.

External Link Main Roads WA

  High risk work licence

If you need to drive a crane or forklift on a public road, you will need a high risk work licence as well as holding the relevant WA driver's licence for the class of vehicle being driven. A high risk work licence is issued by the WorkSafe division of the Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety. Information on how to get a high risk work licence is available on their website.

Opens in a new window Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety

 

Page last updated: Thu Apr 8 2021 9:26:07 AM